This document identifies the differences between long and short markup and identifies a few examples of when the different markups should be used
Consider a product that costs $100.00:
A “short” markup of 25% is simply taking $100.00 times 1.25 which is $125.00.
A “long” markup of 25% is calculated by taking $100.00 divided by 1 – .25
or $100 / .75
which is $133.33
On the OASIS quote, the formula columns assume the following:
any value less than 2 is a short markup
any value equal to or greater than 2 is long markup
Why two markups?
The quick answer is that if you use a short markup and later “give back” a percentage to the customer, you could very well lose money on the job.
The correct way – long mark up, short mark down:
$100 cost with 25% long markup is $100/.75 or $133.33
$133.33 with a 25% discount is $133.33 * .25 or $33.33 resulting in a final price of $100
CAUTION – BE VERY CAREFUL IF YOU DO THIS!
Short mark up and short mark down
$100 cost with 25% short markup is $100 * 1.25 or $125.00
$125.00 with a 25% discount is $125.00 * .25 or $31.25 or $93.75
YOU JUST LOST MONEY!
For most quotes departments, the cost of the material is marked up a percentage using long math. Then outside sales is told “we have 25 percent” on the job. This allows sales to negotiate by giving a discount to the customer. For example:
We start with a cost of $100, marking the job up 25% (long) making the sell price of the job $133.33
To close the job, sales gives the customer a 20% discount, leaving 5% markup on the job.
The customer now has a price of $133 and they calculate a 20% discount of $26.6 and an expectation that the final quote for the job will be $106.40.
Quotes will now take their price and make the same calculation. NOTE do not reduce the long markup from 25% to 5% - this is not the same. Instead, take the price you have now and add a new column with a formula of .75. The result will be $106.40.
Using long markup is safe and allows sales to negotiate using percentages instead of hard dollar values that can get confusing – especially with varying contractor counts or changes on the project. As shown above, if this job was marked up using a “short” 25%, then giving the customer a discount of only 20% would result in the company breaking even. A discount of 21% results in a loss of $1.25. A discount of 25% results in a loss of $6.25. On small jobs, this will literally “nickel and dime” you out of business. On large jobs with big quantities, you might agree to give the customer hundreds of thousands of dollars.